Janice Holder was educated in the public schools of rural Western Pennsylvania. She attended Allegheny College in Meadville, Pennsylvania, and received her bachelor of science degree summa cum laude from the University of Pittsburgh in 1971. In 1970, she studied French language and literature at the University of Pittsburgh Program in Rouen, France, and at the University of Paris at the Sorbonne Summer Session where she received Highest Honors.

In 1975, Janice received her Juris Doctor degree from the Duquesne School of Law, where she served as Recent Decisions Editor of the Duquesne Law Review. She also studied international law at the Tulane University Summer Session in Grenoble, France, in 1974.

She is admitted to practice law in the State of Tennessee and in the United States Supreme Court. She holds inactive licenses in the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania and in the District of Columbia.